One way to improve your home outlook and purify the air at the same time is to add the air-filtering house plants in any of your rooms because they add vibrancy, color, and smell sweet.
It would be best if you were careful when choosing the right purifying plants for your house because there are houseplants that are poisonous therefore can harm you.
Do you want house plants which are easy to take care of therefore suitable for beginners? Yes, there are low-maintenance types of air-filtering house plants, and then there are the hard types.
You also should figure out which air-filtering plants are suitable for your bedroom, living room, or bathroom.
How Plants Purify the Air
Here is how the plants purify the air in your house:
Through photosynthesis, the plants take in carbon dioxide that we exhale and, in turn, give us oxygen. In the process, we get purer air. NASA proved this to be true in a study they carried out in 1989. They confirmed that houseplants absorb and neutralize toxic germs and wastes in the air around our houses.
For that reason, having air-cleaning plants will remove air quality in your house, especially in enclosed spaces where air circulation is limited. Plants may not be as effective in air filtering as artificial air purifiers, but plants are natural, beautiful, cheap, and safer to use.
Did you know that sitting among plants improves your mood, memory, concentration, reduces stress and fatigue?
Following the study, NASA recommended that there be at least eight pot plants for every 100 square feet.
You should note that some toxins are best removed by certain plants, so the best bet is to combine different air filtering plant varieties because there are different types of germs floating from your carpets, ovens, etc in your house.
Types of Germs or Harmful Chemicals in Your House
- Benzene — It has the potential to cause dizziness, headaches, drowsiness, and fast heartbeat.
- Formaldehyde — It causes mouth, nose, and throat irritation.
- Trichloroethylene — It causes nausea, dizziness, or vomiting.
With that safely out of the way, the following are some of the best air-filtering plants you should consider planting in your house for their beauty and the role they play in purifying the air around your house:
1. Aloe Vera
Aloe Vera is easy to plant and maintain. An Aloe Vera plant does better in a well-lit room. When you see their leaves develop brownish spots, it is a signal that your house has excess harmful microbes.
Apart from repairing wounds and sunburn, Aloe Vera is also an herbal medicine you can drink, but then I am not an herbalist, so I cannot detail that. I have had neighbors with Aloe Vera in their windows for medicinal purposes.
Aloe Vera absorbs formaldehyde toxins that irritate the mouth, nose, and throat. Be careful of its spiky sides.
Also known as golden pothos or simply pothos, Devil’s Ivy is one beautiful air-filtering plant that is easy to grow in your house, and it detoxifies the air day and night.
Devil’s Ivy removes toxins such as benzene, xylene, and trichloroethylene.
Peace Lily is one air filtering and flowering plant that is easy to grow and care for in your house. Their lovely green leaves and white flowers add natural beauty to your house.
You need to water them weekly and add fertilizer after a period for them to retain their lovely outlook.
The harmful wastes removed by the Peace Lily plant include carbon monoxide, benzene, and xylene.
Spider plants are also called air plants, and they suit you if you are looking for fast-growing house air-filtering plants that do well in hanging baskets. You can as well place one in your office.
There are over 200 species of Spider Plants, some of which can survive occasional neglect from us. But if you mean to care well for a spider plant, water it at least twice a week.
Spider plant eliminates xylene and formaldehyde toxins.
Bamboo Palm stands out for its height and elegance and not also purifies the air but also adds moisture to it, so it is a helpful plant in the dry winter period. Bamboo palms are harmless to your pets, so you can place them anywhere. They fit the ground because they require much space. A typical Bamboo palm can grow up to 12 feet.
It would help if you also placed them where the light trickling in can reach them. If possible, expose them to full sunlight.
Bambo palms are one of the best removers of formaldehyde. It absorbs such harmful substances as benzene, xylene, carbon monoxide, chloroform, etc.
The Chinese evergreen is thus called because it is evergreen. It is a nice, patterned plant with the ability to absorb and detoxify several harmful substances.
Chinese evergreen needs proper care to maintain its greenness, so you only go for it if you have the time to water its root, fertilize it twice a year, sprinkle water on its leaves when they look dry and repot it after 2-3 years.
Chinese evergreen eliminates toxins such as trichloroethylene, benzene, formaldehyde, carbon monoxide, and many more.
Note that Chinese evergreen can eliminate even your dog; ensure you hang it up away from your dog’s reach.
Rubber plants are natives of India and are tolerant of hard conditions, so they are easy to care for once you provide the basics. Rubber plants are one of the best indoor plants that clean the air and removes many toxins.
Water them every week. Rubber plants remove toxins such as trichloroethylene, formaldehyde, benzene, xylene.
According to NASA, English ivy is the best houseplant that clean the air indoors because of its high affinity in removing toxins.
It is a wall and tree climber, so you need to give it strings to climb and also enough space. English Ivy does well in small pots or hanging baskets.
English ivy removes toxins such as benzene and formaldehyde.
Another houseplant efficient in air purification is the Areca palms, but their tall leaves require big spaces. The plant is harmless to your pets, so you can place it anywhere there is space. It would help if you watered them well in the summer.
The toxins that Areca palms remove include carbon monoxide, benzene, xylene, trichloroethylene, formaldehyde, and so much more.
Boston Fern is easy to grow, and that is why it is one of the most popular houseplants that filter the air. Many people keep it for its elegance, not its air-purifying abilities.
It would be best if you watered it often. Keep their foliage misty and keep them away from direct sunlight because they are one of the air purifying plants indoor plants that do well in low light.
They make great air-purifying plants for outdoors, so you can place them on windows, balconies, and patios. The harmful chemicals it removes include xylene and formaldehyde.
Well, I thought this should come last, considering its outrageous name. It is also called the Snake Plant, which is no better than Mother-in-law’s tongue. Anyway, it is one houseplant that requires low maintenance so it can be neglected but still thrive.
The plant does well in a dry habitat, so do not overwater it. It grows to 2 meters and removes toxins such as xylene, benzene, trichloroethylene, formaldehyde.
It is true that houseplants effectively help purify the air in your house, but you should also apply other complementary methods that guarantee you fresh air. Always ensure the house floors are clean, mopped, and vacuumed. Try to avoid air fresheners if possible because they add harmful toxins.
It would help if you also increased ventilation.